Justice Africa has published a number of books documenting issues affecting the continent. The authors of these books provide unique perspectives, having first hand experience of these regions and the political, social and economic dynamics at work.

A New History of a Long War

Julie Flint and Alex de Waal

Written by two authors with unparalleled first-hand experience of Darfur, this book is the definitive guide to the Darfur conflict. Newly updated and hugely expanded from the original A Short History of a Long War, this edition details Darfur’s history and traces the origins, organisation and ideology of the infamous Janjawiid and rebel groups. It also analyses the brutal response of the Sudanese government. The authors investigate the respnses by the African Union and the international community, including the halting peace talks and the attempts at civilian protection. Flint and de Waal provide and authoritative and compelling account of contemporary Africa’s most controversial conflict.

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War in Darfur and the Search for Peace

Alex de Waal (editor), 2007

Since 2003, the Darfur region of Sudan has been the locus of a hideous war that has aroused the outrage of millions of ordinary people across the world. But despite a high level of media coverage and activist mobilization, Darfur’s society and politics remain poorly understood. War in Darfur and the Search for Peace brings together essays by noted Sudanese scholars and international experts on Darfur, containing much new historical and contemporary research. The first part of the volume examines the causes of the war, including chapters on how the Sudanese state functions, how disputes over land rights and local government helped spark conflict, the origins and development of the infamous Janjawiid militia and the rebel movements, and how Darfur’s war is entangled in the ongoing political crisis in Chad. The second part turns to the international efforts to achieve peace in Darfur. Three chapters, written by participants in the African Union’s mediation effort, document and analyze the attempt to mediate between Khartoum and the rebels. Contributions also examine how Darfur has been represented in the American press and how it has been the basis for an enormous advocacy campaign.

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Darfur, A Short History of a Long War

Julie Flint and Alex de Waal, 2005

Sudan’s westernmost region, Darfur, sprang from oblivion into sudden notoriety early in 2004, when a war of hideous proportions unleashed what the United Nations called ‘the world’s worst humanitarian crisis’ and the United States labelled ‘genocide’. For the last two years, the conflict has been simplified to pictures of immense sprawling refugee camps and lurid accounts of ‘Arabs’ murdering ‘Africans’.

Behind these images lies a complex and fascinating story of a remarkable and remote region of Africa, home to Muslim peoples with a unique history. In the 20th century, Darfur became synonymous with poverty and neglect, culminating in famine and a series of undeclared and unacknowledged wars in the 1980s and 1990s. This book details the history of Darfur, its conflicts, and the designs on the region by the governments in Khartoum and Tripoli.

Much of the story of the war in Darfur has remained untold until now. This book investigates the identity of the infamous ‘Janjawiid’ militia, tracing its origins, organization and ideology. It inquires into the nature of the insurrection launched by two rebel groups, the radical Sudan Liberation Army and the more Islamist-oriented Justice and Equality Movement. It charts the unfolding crisis and the confused international response, including the African Union’s first major venture into peacemaking and peacekeeping. The book concludes by asking what the future holds in store for Darfur.

See a joint review of Darfur: A Short History of a Long War, and Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide by Gérard Prunier, in the New York Review of Books

This publication can be ordered from www.zedbooks.co.uk

Famine that Kills; Darfur, Sudan

Alex de Waal

In 2004, Darfur, Sudan was described as the “world’s greatest humanitarian crisis.” Twenty years previously, Darfur was also the site of a disastrous famine. Famine that Kills is a seminal account of that famine, and a social history of the region. In a new preface prepared for this revised edition, Alex de Waal analyzes the roots of the current conflict in land disputes, social disruption and impoverishment. Despite vast changes in the nature of famines and in the capacity of response, de Waal’s original challenge to humanitarian theory and practice including a focus on the survival strategies of rural people has never been more relevant. Documenting the resilience of the people who suffered, it explains why many fewer died than had been predicted by outsiders. It is also a path breaking study of the causes of famine deaths, showing how outbreaks of infectious disease killed more people than starvation. Now a classic in the field, Famine that Kills provides critical background and lessons of past intervention for a region that finds itself in another moment of humanitarian tragedy.

You can buy this book HERE

Islamism and Its Enemies in the Horn of Africa

Alex de Waal

Africa is central to the ‘global war on terror.’ But political Islam in Africa has received little scholarly attention. Islamism and its Enemies in the Horn of Africa , by Alex de Waal, in collaboration with A.H. Abdel Salam (Justice Africa), M.A. Mohamed Salih (Institute of Social Studies, the Hague) and Roland Marchal (CERI, Paris), is a seminal study of the social and political manifestations of militant Islam in northeast Africa.

Northeast Africa has been a crucible for political Islam, and the site of one of the fiercest struggles between Islamists and their enemies. While the terrorist attacks by al Qa’ida on the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in August 1998, and the retaliatory cruise missile strike on Khartoum that same month, garnered most international attention, there was in fact a major conflict in the region throughout the 1990s, pitting political Islam against secular states in the region and the United States. The Sudan government, which hosted Osama bin Laden for several years, was at the hub of this conflict, which affected countries stretching from Egypt to Somalia to Congo. Domestically, the Sudanese Islamists designed far-reaching programs for comprehensive social transformation.

This book documents the Islamist agenda in northeast Africa, its ambitions, its successes, and its ultimate failure. Chapters examine the theory and practice of jihad , the transformative Islamist project in Sudan, political Islam in Somalia, the rise of Islamic philanthropy, and the undeclared regional war between the Islamist militants and their foes. It places the U.S. agenda in a regional context, explaining how it is refracted through local political struggles. Throughout, the study of jihad and militancy is placed in the framework of the study of conflict and humanitarian action.

You can buy this book HERE